Pakistan’s support to militants fighting in Afghanistan is the main driver of Afghan conflict. The West, particularly the United States, shows that it has failed to stop Pakistan from backing terrorists. Despite the fact that there are many questions about the steps the West has taken so far to force Pakistan to halt aiding terrorist groups, even if we accept the West has really failed, it should seek alternative ways of pressure against Pakistan. After the United States, Russia and China, as two most powerful regional states, have more influence on Pakistan, especially now that Islamabad is under growing US pressure, and trying to relieve itself of the pressure by expanding relations with Moscow and Beijing.
Russia and China, which see their interests in the region threatened more than the United States’, should use the opportunity to rather bring more pressure on Pakistan as a threat to the entire region. Russia in particular can convince Pakistan that it cannot secure the support of regional countries if it continues to back terrorists. Moscow can also tie its cooperation with Islamabad to its real fight against terrorism. That way Pakistan will feel more isolated, thereby increasing the chance to stop its support for terror groups. Pakistan’s honesty in the war on terror is more necessary for Russia than the United States because terrorism in the region is a greater threat to Moscow than the West.