Politics in quest of ethnic balancing exacerbating situation

Sunday, 20 November 2016 03:17 Written by  Heart of Asia Read 207 times

Ethnic politics is Afghanistan’s major problem and the biggest barrier to development affairs after war and corruption. To solve problems temporarily, the governments have largely resorted to ethnic politics other than investing their energy and efforts in nation building processes. By the same token, leaders have shared power based on ethnic and lingual considerations under what they call ethnic balance to stay in power, a problem that further deepened in the National Unity Government (NUG) plagued by simmering internal disagreements between two election rivals. The bickering between government leaders began to take on an ethnic dimension, provoking serious concerns among the people of Afghanistan. 

 

As part of the ongoing political row in the country, Wolesi Jirga and vice-presidents have shared their concerns about the issue with the media. Wolesi Jirga’s first deputy speaker Hajji Zahir Qadir has said the differences between government leaders have begotten an ethnic collision. According to him, government leaders have been pursuing ethnic and partisan interests in lieu of consolidating national unity, putting a very bad impact on the morale of ordinary citizens. 

The statements of First Vice-President Sarwar Danish about these fissures themselves seem to be ethnically motivated. He has said that the government was working on a blueprint to assess all government institutions, and reform them given ethnic balance and ratio. 

Afghanistan has a bitter experience of ethnic politics which will rather exacerbate the situation if repeated. The government should not intentionally ethnicize the government under the banner of ethnic balance in institutions, which may tackle the woes of the government temporarily; however, in the long run, it will engender enormously serious problems that will then be really difficult for a fragile dispensation like the National Unity Government to address. The division of government organizations under the pretext of ensuring ethnic balance is a resentful experience, for whose repeat Afghans are, on no account, ready to tolerate. 

 

If the government really intends to bring about reforms in its institutions, it, in the light of democratic principles and modern governance techniques, should take measures that can lead to transparency and improvement in the entities. Government affairs should be delegated to individuals who are both competent and committed to the country’s best interests regardless of ethnic, lingual, regional and partisan considerations. Through this, government affairs will be managed properly, while also paving the ground for nation-building through gradually delivering justice.